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Why were there Jews from every nation in Jerusalem at Passover?

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  • Why were there Jews from every nation in Jerusalem at Passover?

    Fifteen (15) nations are named in Acts 2:5-11.

    Acts 2:5
    5 Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven.

    Jews and converts made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem as a requirement of the Law for three (3) holy convocations commonly referred to as feasts.

    Deuteronomy 16:16-17 “Three times a year all your men must appear before the YHWH your Elohim at the place he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles.

    These are three (3) REQUIRED HOLY CONVOCATIONS for Jewish men and converts over the age of 12.

    1. Feast of Unleavened Bread is week long feast beginning with Passover. This week is usually includes First Fruits (barley harvest).

    2. Feast of Weeks is also called First Fruits (wheat harvest). Pentecost which means fifty is another term for the Feast of Weeks. The feast of Weeks is 49 days (7 weeks) after the Feast of Unleavened Bread, therefore, Pentecost. (also the day of remember the giving of the law)

    Feast of Trumpets on the first day of the seventh month – the law does not a require all Jewish men and converts over the age of 12 to make the pilgrimage to Jerusalem.

    Holy Convocations of the seventh month. The Seventh Month is significant and set aside as a Sabbath month. The Hebrew months each began on the new moon. The other feasts occurred toward the middle of the respective months, when the moon is at, or near, full. Then, the nights would be filled with moonlight. At the New Moon, the moon is DARK and only a thin crescent.

    The beginning of each month was originally dependent upon the sighting of the New Moon. The precise timing of the New Moon was not always easily determined due to weather conditions. Two concurring witnesses sighting the first sliver of the new moon determined the first day of the month.

    The two witnesses see the new moon and attest to it before the Sanhedrin in the Temple. This could happen during either of two days, depending on when the witnesses come. Since no one knew when the witnesses would come, no one knew when the Feast of Trumpets would start. After the appearance of the new moon was confirmed, then the Feast of Trumpets could begin, and the rest of the fall feasts could be accurately calculated from that date.

    The Feast of Trumpets is also considered a High Sabbath Day, and no work is to be done. Therefore, all preparations for the Feast of Trumpets had to be made in advance. Since no one knew the exact hour of the new moon's appearance, it kept people in a continual state of alertness. Here is the admonition of watchfulness for the Coming of the Lord at the sound of the trumpets on the first day of the seventh month.

    Jews and converts were not required to make the pilgrimage to Jerusalem on the first day of the seventh month. They were free to choose to miss the sound of the trumpets.
    (Also the Feast of Trumpets is the day for remembering the creation of Adam.)

    Sabbath Days Note: - All seven of the Holy Convocations or Feast Days are Sabbath Days of rest regardless of the day of the week. Accordingly, Passover during Passion Week was the first of two Sabbaths for that week. This helps rectify the three days in the tomb.

    3. Feast of Tabernacles is a seven day event and follows by five (5) days the Day of Atonement which is on the 15th day of the seventh month. In Deuteronomy 16:13 the Feast of Tabernacles is called the First Fruits (wine/grapes & oil/olives). The requirement was to build booths to live in from four (4) kinds of wood.
    Tabernacles is also referred to as the Feast of Ingathering.

    At the last of all the holy convocation rehearsals the last rehearsal was to rehearse a place for the Lord to dwell with the faithful where all the saints are gathered in - the ingathering.

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    Last edited by glen smith; February 11th, 2018, 05:09 PM.

  • #2
    Very interesting! Is this your work, Glen?

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    • #3
      Yes and no. This is my construction but the facts are from study. I spent about three years studying the holy convocations back in the nineties. This is a brief of details used to explain the men from every nation under heaven in Acts 2. Even after all my study on the subject this was the first time I recognized the significance of Jews and converts were not required to make the pilgrimage to Jerusalem on the first day of the seventh month. They were free to choose to miss the sound of the trumpets.

      Likely, because of the proximity in time to each other, six of the seven rehearsals (feasts) were attended in Jerusalem. Along with the parable of the ten virgins this will preach - Come with your lamp burning but run out of oil or do six of the seven things but miss the most important thing. It shouts, "Stay ready!"

      I revisited Acts 2 because of Heiser and this is just a side glance from where my attention is.
      Last edited by glen smith; February 11th, 2018, 11:39 PM.

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